Innovative multifunctional composites for the protection of cultural heritage objects

InHeritage

PN-III-P2-2.1-PED-2021-0627

(591PED/2022)

As the degradation processes of cultural heritage objects remain inevitable, the continuous development of advanced materials able to counteract specific degradation processes is also necessary. Thus, are needed thorough scientific studies in order to develop tailored formulation, in order to protect, preserve, and restore cultural heritage objects, and this represents a continuous challenge for the scientists, aiming to replace the current rather serendipitous approaches in restoration.

Project goal

The main goal of the project is to develop novel multi-layer composite materials with multiple functions (consolidation, self-cleaning and anti-microbial) applicable for the conservation of different inorganic substrates.

Contracting authority: Executive Unit for Financing Higher Education, Research, Development and Innovation (UEFISCDI)

Implementation period: 29/06/2022-20/06/2024

Budget: 598.795 lei

Project director: Dr. Habil. Radu Claudiu Fierăscu

  • Consortium
  • General objective
  • Phase I
  • Phase II
  • Phase III
  • Obtained results
Consortium

Coordinator:

National Institute for Research & Development in Chemistry and Petrochemistry – ICECHIM Bucharest

Project director: Dr. Habil. Radu Claudiu Fierăscu

Partner 1:

University POLITEHNICA of Bucharest,

Partner responsible: Dr. Ing. Alina Melinescu


Partner 2:

University of Bucharest,

Partner responsible: Dr. Biol. Lia Mara Dițu

General objective

The InHeritage project aims to develop novel multi-layer composite materials with multiple functions (consolidation, self-cleaning and anti-microbial effect), applicable for the conservation of different inorganic substrates. The solutions developed in this project will represent not only an alignment to the international level of research, but also a very important technical solution, innovative at national level, that will contribute to the project sustainability after the implementation period.

Phase I

Identification and sampling of pilot areas. Development of model substrates.

Implementation period: 29/06/2022 – 31/12/2022

Activities:

  • Identification of pilot areas, representative at national level;
  • Evaluation of the most common types of degradation encountered on stone objects from the cultural heritage (monuments, vernacular constructions, etc.) in the pilot area;
  • Sampling cultural heritage objects;
  • Identification of microorganisms that affect cultural heritage objects in pilot areas;
  • Development of model substrates for further studies;
  • Establishing the most suitable consolidant for each type of support materials in the pilot area;
  • Results and project dissemination;
  • Intellectual property protection activities.
Phase II

Development of multifunctional composites.

Implementation period: 01/01/2023 – 31/12/2023

Activities:

  • Defining the desired performances of the multilayer coatings to be developed;
  • Development and application of multilayer coatings;
  • Evaluation of the effect of multilayer coatings on model substrates;
  • Optimization of multilayer coatings;
  • Results and project dissemination;
  • Intellectual property protection activities.
Phase III

Demonstration of functionality and validation of proposed solutions.

Implementation period: 01/01/2024 – 20/06/2024

Activities:

  • Evaluation of the results obtained for optimized recipes;
  • Internal validation of the proposed solution;
  • Third party validation of the proposed solution;
  • Elaboration of technical documentation for technology and products;
  • LCA for proposed multilayer coatings and toxicity assessment;
  • Results and project dissemination.
Obtained results
Cooperation agreements
  • NATIONAL MUSEUM OF THE UNION ALBA IULIA
  • GOLESTI VITICULTURE AND FRUIT CULTURE MUSEUM
  • BUZĂU COUNTY MUSEUM
  • NATIONAL MUSEUM OF THE ROMANIAN PEASANT
  • ECO-MUSEUM RESEARCH INSTITUTE “GAVRILĂ SIMION” TULCEA
ISI papers
  1. Fistos, T.; Fierascu, I.; Doni, M.; Chican, I.E.; Fierascu, R.C. A Short Overview of Recent Developments in the Application of Polymeric Materials for the Conservation of Stone Cultural Heritage Elements. Materials 202215, 6294. https://doi.org/10.3390/ma15186294
Participation to scientific meetings
  1. NATIONAL CHEMISTRY CONFERENCE, Edition XXXVI, 05-07 October 2022, Calimanesti Caciulata, Treatment of cultural heritage objects with phosphate materials with potential antimicrobial – Toma Fistos, Roxana Ioana Matei (Brazdis), Anda Maria Baroi, Irina Fierascu, Lia-Mara Ditu, Valentin Raditoiu, Radu Claudiu Fierascu
  2. The International Symposium “PRIORITIES OF CHEMISTRY FOR A SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT”PRIOCHEM – XVIII-th Edition. October 26-28, 2022, Tailoring protective coatings for the protection of cultural heritage inorganic objects–inheritage project – Toma Fistos, Alina Melinescu, Lia Mara Dițu, Anton Ficai, Denisa Ficai, Florica Marinescu, Roxana Ioana Matei (Brazdis), Irina Fierăscu, Anda Maria Baroi, Cristian-Andi Nicolae, Radu Claudiu Fierăscu
Participation to inventions exhibitions
  1. IDEA (IDEA, Novelty, Invention and craft) International Exhibition, Abony, Hungary – Innovative multifunctional composites for the protection of cultural heritage objects (InHeritage) – Radu Claudiu Fierascu, Alina Melinescu, Lia-Mara Ditu, Irina Fierascu, Denisa Ficai, Alina Maria Holban, Toma Fistos, Anton Ficai, Carmen Curutiu (Gold medal)
  2. International Exhibition of Inventions and Innovations “TRAIAN VUIA – 2022 Timisoara – Innovative multifunctional composites for the protection of cultural heritage objects (InHeritage) – Radu Claudiu Fierascu, Alina Melinescu, Lia-Mara Ditu, Irina Fierascu, Denisa Ficai, Alina Maria Holban, Toma Fistos, Anton Ficai, Carmen Curutiu (Gold medal)
  3. 7th International Inventions Fair – ISIF’22 – Innovative multifunctional composites for the protection of cultural heritage objects (InHeritage) – Radu Claudiu Fierascu, Alina Melinescu, Lia-Mara Ditu, Irina Fierascu, Denisa Ficai, Alina Maria Holban, Toma Fistos, Anton Ficai, Carmen Curutiu (Gold medal)
Workshop
Patent applications
Image gallery
Phase reports