G11: Evaluation and conservation of cultural heritage
Main field of activity: Development and implementation of the most advanced procedures for monitoring – investigation – diagnosis – treatment on different elements, categories of cultural heritage and different materials (stone, pigments, paper, parchment, wood, etc.). Mission: – Research activities in the laboratory and in the conservation sites as a result of the new requirements coming from the restorers and the specialists dealing with the practical conservation; – Use of advanced investigative techniques applied to establish the stage and degree of degradation of works of art, and recommendations regarding restoration and conservation operations; – Measurements on: the quality of the surfaces of the investigated parts, the study of the surfaces of very fragile monuments in a stage of accelerated degradation and the concentration of pollutants on the surfaces. Evolution of research directions: development of diagnostic and treatment technologies for the conservation and revitalization of the archaeological components of the cultural heritage: (i) Development of new micro- and nano-materials, new methods and technologies; development of new investigation techniques; (ii) Selection and characterization of historical materials; (iii) Evaluation of in situ materials and sampling of samples taken; (iv) Development of cleaning treatments for selected surfaces; (v) Polymer gel systems applied in conservation / restoration; (vi) Anti-slip and antimicrobial mats; (vii) Polymeric waste recovery compositions with improved properties.
Senior Researcher Ist degree, University professor
The SilverSchmidt is primarily used to assess the uniformity of concrete strength within a structure and to localize areas of inferior quality. Heavily textured surfaces, soft surfaces or surfaces with loose mortar should be prepared with the grinding stone to provide a smooth test surface.
Diaphragm Pump ILMVAC MPC 201 Tp
Three-stage chemically resistant diaphragm pumps. Suction/pressure flanges: hose nozzle DN 8. Ultimate pressure < 2 bar. Pumping speed 60/60 Hz: 2.0/2.2 m3/h; 33/36 l/min. Dimensions (W/D/H): 200/260/150 mm. Moto-power: 90 W
Spectrophotometer UV-VIS Specord M40
Solid, liquid and gaseous samples.
Spectrophotometer UV-VIS Specord M400
For solid samples. ATR, Fluorescence and mathematical processing models. Double beam and monochromator rANGE: 180-1000 nm.
Corrosion Analyzing Proceq, Canin+
For the localization and measuring of active corrosion of the building. Corrosion Analyzing Instrument in a fast and easy way using any PC.
Optical microscope NOVEX BTS
Interpupillary distance 55-75 mm, Tube 160 mm, Halogen lamp, DDC camera.
Portable FTIR spectrometer
The equipment is necessary for field evaluation of monuments materials in order to evaluate the composition, structure and deterioration stage.
Arex Vertex heating magnetic stirrer
Magnetic stirrer with a heating plate manufactured by aluminum casting. The heating plate is covered by a special protection assuring a very uniform heating distribution on the whole surface with a high resistance to chemicals. The instrument is equipped by a connection for a contact Vertex thermostat for the direct control of temperature of the stirred liquid. Electronic speed control: 50 ÷ 1300 rpm Heating setting by means of a thermos-element from room temperature to 370°C. Diameter of heating plate: 155 mm. Sample temperature control with ± 0.5°C precision Stirring capacity (H2O): up to 20 liter.
Portable Heavy Duty CFM-CMM Thermo-Anemometer With built-in non-contact IR Thermometer and Laser Pointer Model HD300 EXTECH
This handheld meter measures and displays air velocity, air flow (volume), temperature of air, and surface temperature (using the built-in non-contact IR thermometer).
Sonorex RK 510 H ultrasonic bath
High-power ultrasonic cleaning bath for aqueous cleaning solutions. Oscillating tank – Interior dimensions: 300 × 240 × 150 mm, l × w × d. Capacity: 9.7 litres. Operating volume: 6.6 litres. Filling level mark. Tank material: stainless steel AISI 304. Ultrasound Ultrasonic peak output: 640 W corresponds to 4 times ultrasonic nominal output. Ultrasonic nominal output: 160 W. Ultrasonic frequency: 35 kHz. Control: turning knob. Timer: 1 – 15 min. Temperature control Built-in heater 30 – 80 °C. Thermostatically adjustable. Heating power: 400 W.
VoltaLab 10, PGZ100, Electrochemical laboratory
Voltammetry and Electrochemical Impedance Spectroscopy
Portable hardness tester Dyna Pull Off Tester – Dyna ESTRICH, PROCEQ
The Dyna pull off tester is used: to determine the surface strength of concrete and other materials testing it directly on the component allowing the use of any measuring point. Additionally for the measuring of the adhesive strength of applied coatings such as plastic coatings, concrete coats, and mortars and plasters. Measures the adhesive strength of applied coatings e.g. plastic or concrete coatings, mortars, plasters, bituminous coats. Determining the surface strength of concrete and other materials. The pull off tester is ideal for the evaluation of tensile strength in concrete renovation.
RV 10 Basic Rotary evaporator
Universal heating bath. The condenser unit has specially designed glass tubes that utilize the 1500 cm² surface extremely efficient. Heating temperature max.: 180°C. Heat output: 1300W. Power input: 1400W. Speed min.: 20 rpm Speed max.: 280 rpm. Type of cooling: vertical. Permissible relative humidity: 80%. Reversible direction of rotation.
Digital refractometer Abbe
Portable Colorimeter, Spectra Magic NX, CR-410
The equipment is necessary for field evaluation of monuments in order to evaluate the deterioration stage.
Portable Hygropin PROCEQ for cements
Relative Humidity according to ASTM F2170-09
Resipod Resistivity Meter
Resipod is a fully integrated 4-point Wenner probe, designed to measure the electrical resistivity of concrete in a completely non-destructive test. Surface resistivity measurement provides extremely useful information about the state of a concrete structure.
Digital stirrer IKA –RW20
Speed min.: 60 rpm. Speed max.: 2000 rpm. Frequency: 50/60 Hz. Stirring quantity max. (H2O): 20 L. Viscosity max.: 10000 mPas. Two speed ranges for universal use from 60 – 2.000 rpm. Dimensions: 88 x 212 x 294 mm (WxDxH)
Modules: Unit of disaggregation; Scrubber and water recirculation pump; Unit by steam distillation – is useful for quantitative determination of organic nitrogen in chemical substances like ammonia
Low Level Laser Therapy, 40 mW, 680 nm
Portable Pin Free Moisture Meter Model MO280
Max. Measurement depth: 20mm (0.75”), Sensor area: 40 x 40mm (1.6” x 1.6”), Battery type: 9V (rear compartment), Display: LCD with sleep mode, Operating conditions: 0ºC to 50ºC (32ºF to 122ºF) 0 to 60%RH (non-condensing). Non-invasive measurement to monitor moisture in wood and other building materials. Select from 10 wood types and measurement ranges. Measurement depth to 0.75″ (20mm) below the surface. LCD displays % moisture of wood or material being tested. Electro-magnetic testing technology.
Multiparameter kit C 932 T CONSORT
Determination pH, Conductivity, Resistivity, Salinity, TDS, Dissolved Oxygen, Temperature.
Turbidimeter TURB 550
Laboratory turbidity meter with infrared LED in accordance with ISO 7027.
M. Râpă, B. N. Spurcaciu, R.-M. Ion, R. M. Grigorescu, R. N. Darie-Nită, L. Iancu, C.-A. Nicolae, A. R. Gabor, E. Matei, C. Predescu
Valorization of Polypropylene Waste in the Production of New Materials with Adequate Mechanical and Thermal Properties for Environmental Protection
Materials 2022, 15, 5978
R. M. Grigorescu, P. N. Ghioca, L. Iancu, R.-M. Ion, N. Ion, M. E. David, R. E. Andrei, M. I. Filipescu, B. N. Spurcaciu
Inventica Medal and Diploma of Excellence awarded at 24th International Exhibition of Inventics “INVENTICA 2020” Iași, România for the patent application “Recycling process of non-metallic wastes of printed circuit board and recovered polypropylene as impact strength composites”
R. M. Ion, N. Ion, G. Nechifor, S. Teodorescu
Inventica Medal and Diploma of Excellence awarded at 24th International Exhibition of Inventics “INVENTICA 2020” Iasi, Romania for the invention patent “Polymer composite film for the retention of degradation products on pictural surfaces, and method of obtaining”