National Institute for Research & Development in Chemistry and Petrochemistry

ICECHIM

NEW AND EMERGING TECHNOLOGIES

The substantiation and development of new and emerging technologies, resulting from multidisciplinary collaborations, aiming at transforming the latest generation results of scientific research into globally competitive economic advantages

ICECHIM responds to the technological and societal challenges of the 21st century by substantiating and developing new and emerging technologies, resulting from multidisciplinary collaborations, aiming at transforming the latest results of scientific research into globally competitive economic advantages. New and emerging technologies represent the central point of ICECHIM's development philosophy, the 2019-2022 Core program addressing this field (Advanced chemistry for innovative and emerging technologies).

The innovative technologies developed within the research projects, involving national and international collaborations with entities from the academic and industrial environment, have been proposed for various applications, such as:

  • Reduction of contaminants in wastewater;
  • Depollution of radioactive liquid wastes;
  • Depollution of aqueous effluents containing organic and inorganic pollutants;
  • Conditioning of liquid organic wastes;
  • Photocatalysis of various chemical species;
  • Elaboration of multispectral camouflages using new specific chromogen-polymeric pigments;
  • Obtaining nanomaterials with antimicrobial, antifungal and antioxidant properties by green chemistry methods and their application to reduce biocenotic stress in horticultural crops;
  • Reduction of greenhouse gases through microalgal photosynthesis;
  • Assessment of greenhouse gas emissions and adsorption;
  • Protection and enhancement of cultural heritage using nanotechnologies or nuclear technologies, digital reconstruction techniques and satellite techniques;
  • Monitoring - investigation - diagnosis (archaeometry) of various objects and objectives belonging to the cultural heritage;
  • Consolidation / conservation / restoration of the movable and immovable cultural heritage components;
  • Photochemical / anti-wear / microbiological protection in museums and art collections storage spaces;
  • Obtaining surfaces with self-cleaning properties (technical textiles, architectural coatings) and anti-reflection (solar concentrators) 3D and 4D printing using original materials;
  • Development of thermochromic systems for energy saving, luminophore materials, chromogenic materials with colour change to different stimuli (signalling-warning or safety);
  • Obtaining construction materials with special properties or innovative antimicrobial materials;
  • Obtaining (nano) composites based on biopolymers and 2d structures (for car parts, which reduce the weight of the car, fuel consumption and co₂ emissions).

International projects


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Danube WATER integrated management

The strategic project “Danube Water Integrated Management” was implemented in the period 2012-2015 and was financed under the Romania-Bulgaria Cross Border Cooperation Programme 2007-2013.

National projects


Complex multidisciplinary project for monitoring, conservation, protection and promotion of the Romanian cultural heritage

The RO-CHER project proposes an innovative multidisciplinary methodology that integrates high-level scientific expertise for the safeguarding of cultural heritage.

Nanotechnology - innovative approach with the development of materials and techniques for safeguarding cultural heritage

The aim of the project is to provide practical solutions based on new antifungal recipes, to reduce the impact of biodegradation of objects and objectives belonging to cultural heritage.

Integrated management (conservation, restoration, protection) of cultural heritage objectives

The project aims to meet conservators / restorers demands as an aid measure, both by proposing useful measures / strategies in this field, and by the integrated use of techniques developed on the basis of exact sciences.

Promoting cultural heritage using current digital reconstruction technologies

Digital reconstruction presents known theoretical and practical aspects, being today a consecrated term in the field of conservation and restoration of cultural and historical heritage.

Development of plant extracts and innovative phytosynthesized nanostructures mixtures with phytotherapeutic applications in order to reduce biocenotic stress in horticultural crops

In recent decades, in the scientific field of nanotechnology there has been a high interest in obtaining and characterizing nanometric architectures obtained by the methods of "green chemistry".

Innovative methods and techniques for evaluating conservation-restoration interventions and monitoring the conservation of traditional constructions in Romania

In Romania there is an extremely wide and valuable patrimony of traditional constructions and installations of popular technique.

Determining the methodology and coefficients specific to Romania in order to quantify GHG emissions and absorbtions for the quantification of climate change

Updating and developing the components of the National GHG Emission and Absorption Assessment System and developing a strategy for the implementation of the Paris Agreement.

Techniques for storing and capitalizing on the results of advanced scientific research (SoVaReX)

The project responds to the need to promote the results of advanced research to raise their value by the business community, local public administration and other potential end users.

Depollution of water containing hardly biodegradable organic compounds (endocrine disruptors) by advanced oxidation processes using innovative catalysts (OXYDEP)

Endocrine disruptors (ECDs) are synthetic chemicals that mimic the function of hormones and, once in the body, alter the hormonal balance.

Innovative apatitic materials with enhanced antimicrobial activity for building materials and cultural heritage conservation

The project proposes the use of metal-doped hydroxyapatite as an antimicrobial component in construction materials.

Innovative ferrite / beta-cyclodextrin core-shell nanocomposites for the removal of organic and inorganic pollutants from aqueous effluents

This project proposes a new and innovative class of nanoadsorbents with core-shell morphology, obtained from ferrite particles (core) and cyclodextrin molecules (shell).

Avant-garde design of nanomaterials and nanosystems with practical applications in the scientific preservation of Romanian cultural heritage

The project aims to develop and / or optimize methods for the restoration and conservation of cultural assets, through the use of nanomaterials.